January 14, 2013

What Does the Second Amendment Really Say?

Amendment 2
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Dating back to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1636, communities in the new land had militias for protection.   These militia depended upon their citizens to furnish their own arms.  Later, each state would develop its own militia with similar arrangements with each state militia subject to being federalized by the United States Constitution.  In 1903 traditional state militias were redefined and recreated as the National Guard by the Militia Act of 1903.  They were now subject to federal control and their arms were supplied by the federal government.

Outside of the need for arms for a militia, the 2nd Amendment does not guarantee rights for any individual citizen to keep and bear arms.  Since the federal government now supplies arms for both troops and militia (National Guard), individual citizens have no right to own and bear arms under the Constitution of the United States.